Coastal Aquaculture Authority

The Coastal Aquaculture authority (CAA) was established under the Coastal Aquaculture Authority Act, 2005 and notified vide Gazette Notification dated 22nd December, 2005. The main objective of the Authority is to regulate coastal aquaculture activities in coastal areas in order to endure sustainable development without causing damage to the coastal environment. The Authority is empowered to make regulations for the construction and operation of aquaculture farms in coastal areas, inspection of farms to ascertain their environmental impact, registration of aquaculture farms, fixing standards for inputs and effluents, removal or demolition of coastal aquaculture farms, which cause pollution etc.

Activities and Achievements of the Authority

One of the major tasks accomplished by the CAA was the registration of shrimp farms on the recommendations of the State and District Level Committees constituted for this purpose. Besides clearing the applications for registration, the Authority discussed many vital issues such as norms for registration of hatcheries, antibiotic residues in shrimp, standards for probiotics and feed, High Tide Line (HTL) and Inter Tidal areas, Environment Impact Assessment, stocking density etc. As per the guidelines notified by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, the team constituted by CAA inspected 50 hatcheries and the committee constituted by the Ministry permitted 24 hatcheries to import SPF L.vannamei broodstock as well as for seed production and sale of post larvae to the registered farms.